Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre

Thomas D.P. Allsop, Kyriacos Kalli, Kaiming Zhou, Graham Smith, Michael Komodromos, Kate Sugden, Mykhaylo Dubov, David J. Webb, Ian Bennion

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The use of high intensity femtosecond laser sources for inscribing fibre gratings has attained significant interest. The principal advantage of high-energy pulses is their ability for grating inscription in any material type without preprocessing or special core doping. In the field of fibre optical sensing LPGs written in photonic crystal fibre have a distinct advantage of low temperature sensitivity over gratings written in conventional fibre and thus minimal temperature cross-sensitivity. Previous studies have indicated that LPGs written by a point-by-point inscription scheme using a low repetition femtosecond laser exhibit post-fabrication evolution leading to temporal instabilities at room temperatures with respect to spectral location, strength and birefringence of the attenuation bands. These spectral instabilities of LPGs are studied in photonic crystal fibres (endlessly single mode microstructure fibre) to moderately high temperatures 100°C to 200°C and their performance compared to fusion-arc fabricated LPG. Initial results suggest that the fusion-arc fabricated LPG demonstrate less spectral instability for a given constant and moderate temperature, and are similar to the results obtained when inscribed in a standard single mode fibre.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotonic Crystal Fibers III
EditorsKyriacos Kalli
PublisherSPIE
Pages73570J
Volume7357
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-7631-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2009
EventPhotonic Crystal Fibers III - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 22 Apr 200923 Apr 2009

Publication series

NameSPIE proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume7357
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferencePhotonic Crystal Fibers III
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period22/04/0923/04/09

Fingerprint

Penicillin G Benzathine
Long Period Grating
Photonic crystal fibers
Femtosecond Laser
Liquefied petroleum gas
Ultrashort pulses
Photonic Crystal
Fusion
Arc of a curve
Fusion reactions
arcs
fusion
Fiber
gratings
photonics
fibers
Single-mode Fiber
Gratings
crystals
lasers

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2009 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

Keywords

  • cavity resonators
  • crystal microstructure
  • crystal whiskers
  • fiber optic sensors
  • fibers
  • lasers
  • optical fiber fabrication
  • photonic crystals
  • pulsed laser applications
  • single mode fibers
  • ultrashort pulses
  • attenuation bands
  • femtosecond laser
  • fibre gratings
  • fusion-arc
  • high energy pulse
  • high intensity
  • long period grating
  • low temperature sensitivity
  • moderate temperature
  • moderately high temperature
  • optical sensing
  • photonic crystal fibre
  • post-fabrication
  • room temperature
  • single mode
  • single mode fibres
  • temperature cross-sensitivity
  • temporal instability

Cite this

Allsop, T. D. P., Kalli, K., Zhou, K., Smith, G., Komodromos, M., Sugden, K., ... Bennion, I. (2009). Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre. In K. Kalli (Ed.), Photonic Crystal Fibers III (Vol. 7357, pp. 73570J). (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 7357). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820790
Allsop, Thomas D.P. ; Kalli, Kyriacos ; Zhou, Kaiming ; Smith, Graham ; Komodromos, Michael ; Sugden, Kate ; Dubov, Mykhaylo ; Webb, David J. ; Bennion, Ian. / Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre. Photonic Crystal Fibers III. editor / Kyriacos Kalli. Vol. 7357 SPIE, 2009. pp. 73570J (SPIE proceedings).
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title = "Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre",
abstract = "The use of high intensity femtosecond laser sources for inscribing fibre gratings has attained significant interest. The principal advantage of high-energy pulses is their ability for grating inscription in any material type without preprocessing or special core doping. In the field of fibre optical sensing LPGs written in photonic crystal fibre have a distinct advantage of low temperature sensitivity over gratings written in conventional fibre and thus minimal temperature cross-sensitivity. Previous studies have indicated that LPGs written by a point-by-point inscription scheme using a low repetition femtosecond laser exhibit post-fabrication evolution leading to temporal instabilities at room temperatures with respect to spectral location, strength and birefringence of the attenuation bands. These spectral instabilities of LPGs are studied in photonic crystal fibres (endlessly single mode microstructure fibre) to moderately high temperatures 100°C to 200°C and their performance compared to fusion-arc fabricated LPG. Initial results suggest that the fusion-arc fabricated LPG demonstrate less spectral instability for a given constant and moderate temperature, and are similar to the results obtained when inscribed in a standard single mode fibre.",
keywords = "cavity resonators, crystal microstructure, crystal whiskers, fiber optic sensors, fibers, lasers, optical fiber fabrication, photonic crystals, pulsed laser applications, single mode fibers, ultrashort pulses, attenuation bands, femtosecond laser, fibre gratings, fusion-arc, high energy pulse, high intensity, long period grating, low temperature sensitivity, moderate temperature, moderately high temperature, optical sensing, photonic crystal fibre, post-fabrication, room temperature, single mode, single mode fibres, temperature cross-sensitivity, temporal instability",
author = "Allsop, {Thomas D.P.} and Kyriacos Kalli and Kaiming Zhou and Graham Smith and Michael Komodromos and Kate Sugden and Mykhaylo Dubov and Webb, {David J.} and Ian Bennion",
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Allsop, TDP, Kalli, K, Zhou, K, Smith, G, Komodromos, M, Sugden, K, Dubov, M, Webb, DJ & Bennion, I 2009, Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre. in K Kalli (ed.), Photonic Crystal Fibers III. vol. 7357, SPIE proceedings, vol. 7357, SPIE, pp. 73570J, Photonic Crystal Fibers III, Prague, Czech Republic, 22/04/09. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820790

Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre. / Allsop, Thomas D.P.; Kalli, Kyriacos; Zhou, Kaiming; Smith, Graham; Komodromos, Michael; Sugden, Kate; Dubov, Mykhaylo; Webb, David J.; Bennion, Ian.

Photonic Crystal Fibers III. ed. / Kyriacos Kalli. Vol. 7357 SPIE, 2009. p. 73570J (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 7357).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre

AU - Allsop, Thomas D.P.

AU - Kalli, Kyriacos

AU - Zhou, Kaiming

AU - Smith, Graham

AU - Komodromos, Michael

AU - Sugden, Kate

AU - Dubov, Mykhaylo

AU - Webb, David J.

AU - Bennion, Ian

N1 - Copyright 2009 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

PY - 2009/5/6

Y1 - 2009/5/6

N2 - The use of high intensity femtosecond laser sources for inscribing fibre gratings has attained significant interest. The principal advantage of high-energy pulses is their ability for grating inscription in any material type without preprocessing or special core doping. In the field of fibre optical sensing LPGs written in photonic crystal fibre have a distinct advantage of low temperature sensitivity over gratings written in conventional fibre and thus minimal temperature cross-sensitivity. Previous studies have indicated that LPGs written by a point-by-point inscription scheme using a low repetition femtosecond laser exhibit post-fabrication evolution leading to temporal instabilities at room temperatures with respect to spectral location, strength and birefringence of the attenuation bands. These spectral instabilities of LPGs are studied in photonic crystal fibres (endlessly single mode microstructure fibre) to moderately high temperatures 100°C to 200°C and their performance compared to fusion-arc fabricated LPG. Initial results suggest that the fusion-arc fabricated LPG demonstrate less spectral instability for a given constant and moderate temperature, and are similar to the results obtained when inscribed in a standard single mode fibre.

AB - The use of high intensity femtosecond laser sources for inscribing fibre gratings has attained significant interest. The principal advantage of high-energy pulses is their ability for grating inscription in any material type without preprocessing or special core doping. In the field of fibre optical sensing LPGs written in photonic crystal fibre have a distinct advantage of low temperature sensitivity over gratings written in conventional fibre and thus minimal temperature cross-sensitivity. Previous studies have indicated that LPGs written by a point-by-point inscription scheme using a low repetition femtosecond laser exhibit post-fabrication evolution leading to temporal instabilities at room temperatures with respect to spectral location, strength and birefringence of the attenuation bands. These spectral instabilities of LPGs are studied in photonic crystal fibres (endlessly single mode microstructure fibre) to moderately high temperatures 100°C to 200°C and their performance compared to fusion-arc fabricated LPG. Initial results suggest that the fusion-arc fabricated LPG demonstrate less spectral instability for a given constant and moderate temperature, and are similar to the results obtained when inscribed in a standard single mode fibre.

KW - cavity resonators

KW - crystal microstructure

KW - crystal whiskers

KW - fiber optic sensors

KW - fibers

KW - lasers

KW - optical fiber fabrication

KW - photonic crystals

KW - pulsed laser applications

KW - single mode fibers

KW - ultrashort pulses

KW - attenuation bands

KW - femtosecond laser

KW - fibre gratings

KW - fusion-arc

KW - high energy pulse

KW - high intensity

KW - long period grating

KW - low temperature sensitivity

KW - moderate temperature

KW - moderately high temperature

KW - optical sensing

KW - photonic crystal fibre

KW - post-fabrication

KW - room temperature

KW - single mode

KW - single mode fibres

KW - temperature cross-sensitivity

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Allsop TDP, Kalli K, Zhou K, Smith G, Komodromos M, Sugden K et al. Comparison between femtosecond laser and fusion-arc inscribed long period gratings in photonic crystal fibre. In Kalli K, editor, Photonic Crystal Fibers III. Vol. 7357. SPIE. 2009. p. 73570J. (SPIE proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.820790