Globally a high prevalence of obesity and under-nutrition has been reported in people with visual impairment (VI), who have reported multifactorial obstacles that prevent them from achieving a healthy diet, such as having restricted shopping and cooking abilities. This study is the first to investigate the relationship between VI and dietary consumption using a representative sample size, standardised methods to categorise VI, and a detailed analysis of dietary consumption. Ninety-six participants with VI and an age-matched control group of 50 participants were recruited from across the UK. All participants were aged 50 years or over. Participants completed a 24 hour food recall for a period of three days. Participants also answered questions about their abilities to shop for and cook food as well as their knowledge of healthy eating. Participants with VI in this sample consumed significantly fewer calories and other nutrients than is recommended for their age group and when compared to an age-matched control group. Participants with VI mainly made food choices irrespective of nutritional value. The results of this study highlight for the first time, that a large proportion of older adults with VI in the UK are undernourished. These results suggest local and government led initiatives should be implemented to support the diets of older adults in the UK, these initiatives could include healthy eating workshops, café clubs or skills training and rehabilitation.
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- Activities of Daily Living
- Dietary consumption
- Eating behaviours
- Visual Impairment