A conical refraction (CR) laser based on an a-cut Nd:YVO4 laser was demonstrated. By using a KGW crystal as a CR element, a typical laser with a Gaussian intensity output profile was transformed into a laser with conically refracted output. The CR laser delivered 220 mW of output power for 500 mW of pump power. The separation of the laser gain medium and the CR element reduced the complexity of the pumping scheme, and resulted in the generation of well-behaved CR laser beams with outstanding quality. The presented approach is power scalable and offers a unique possibility of studying the transformation of a Gaussian laser mode into a conically refracted one in a laser cavity.
Bibliographical noteThis paper was published in Optics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.44.000642. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.
Akbari, R., Howlader, C., Fedorova, K. A., Sokolovskii, G. S., Rafailov, E. U., & Major, A. (2019). Conical refraction output from a Nd:YVO4 laser with an intracavity conerefringent element. Optics Letters, 44(3), 642-645. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.44.000642