The aim of the current research was to study functional connectivity (FC) of the right superior temporal sulcus (rSTS) during visual target stimulus processing. This structure is presumed to be crucial in social cognition, but evidently participates in target detection as well. Twenty subjects participated in functional magnetic resonance examination for studying FC. We used psychophysiological interaction (PPI) analysis of data acquired during the visual oddball task. During the visual oddball task rSTS had increased connectivity bilaterally with structures involved in memory operations (mesiotemporal cortices and basal ganglia) and evaluative processing related to decision making (left anterior cingulate cortex). Moreover, we revealed decreased connectivity of rSTS with structures involved in attentional processes (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the posterior area with bilateral parietal cortex). Based on our results we hypothesize that in the detection of rare events, during visual information processing, rSTS is involved within neuronal networks related to attention, but also at later stages of stimuli processing.
- Oddball task
- Psychophysiological interaction
- Superior temporal sulcus