Conversational disclaimers in Persian

Tahmineh Tayebi*, Vahid Parvaresh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The principal motivation for this study is to examine Persian disclaimers, which, notwithstanding their significant communicative role, have not received the attention they deserve. More precisely, the present study is an attempt (i) to see how the Persian language enables the speaker to disclaim an unwanted interpretation, (ii) to extrapolate the formulaic disclaimer patterns that tend to recur in Persian, and (iii) to explain the range of functions fulfilled by these expressions. Contrary to the long-held view that disclaimers are prospective explanations used prior to potentially problematic actions, the 20-h corpus of daily conversations under investigation revealed, for the first time, some cases of retrospective disclaimers which were explicable in terms of our recognition criteria: (a) the presence of a potentially problematic action, (b) the identity retypification which needed to be disavowed, and (c) the very act of saying or doing something. Besides, the analysis of both retrospective and prospective disclaimers revealed certain pragmatic functions. In this respect, it was found that in Persian the three most frequent functions fulfilled by both prospective and retrospective disclaimers are 'explicating negative interpretation', 'showing tentativeness' and 'showing modesty', respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Pragmatics
Volume62
Early online date6 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014

Fingerprint

interpretation
pragmatics
conversation
language
Disclaimers
Pragmatic Functions
Language
Modesty

Keywords

  • Disclaimer
  • Persian
  • Potentially problematic action
  • Retrospective use
  • Retypification

Cite this

Tayebi, Tahmineh ; Parvaresh, Vahid. / Conversational disclaimers in Persian. In: Journal of Pragmatics. 2014 ; Vol. 62. pp. 77-93.
@article{19f018c390ac4dd9b3c22abdf96ddf5c,
title = "Conversational disclaimers in Persian",
abstract = "The principal motivation for this study is to examine Persian disclaimers, which, notwithstanding their significant communicative role, have not received the attention they deserve. More precisely, the present study is an attempt (i) to see how the Persian language enables the speaker to disclaim an unwanted interpretation, (ii) to extrapolate the formulaic disclaimer patterns that tend to recur in Persian, and (iii) to explain the range of functions fulfilled by these expressions. Contrary to the long-held view that disclaimers are prospective explanations used prior to potentially problematic actions, the 20-h corpus of daily conversations under investigation revealed, for the first time, some cases of retrospective disclaimers which were explicable in terms of our recognition criteria: (a) the presence of a potentially problematic action, (b) the identity retypification which needed to be disavowed, and (c) the very act of saying or doing something. Besides, the analysis of both retrospective and prospective disclaimers revealed certain pragmatic functions. In this respect, it was found that in Persian the three most frequent functions fulfilled by both prospective and retrospective disclaimers are 'explicating negative interpretation', 'showing tentativeness' and 'showing modesty', respectively.",
keywords = "Disclaimer, Persian, Potentially problematic action, Retrospective use, Retypification",
author = "Tahmineh Tayebi and Vahid Parvaresh",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pragma.2013.09.011",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "77--93",
journal = "Journal of Pragmatics",
issn = "0378-2166",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Conversational disclaimers in Persian. / Tayebi, Tahmineh; Parvaresh, Vahid.

In: Journal of Pragmatics, Vol. 62, 01.02.2014, p. 77-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conversational disclaimers in Persian

AU - Tayebi, Tahmineh

AU - Parvaresh, Vahid

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - The principal motivation for this study is to examine Persian disclaimers, which, notwithstanding their significant communicative role, have not received the attention they deserve. More precisely, the present study is an attempt (i) to see how the Persian language enables the speaker to disclaim an unwanted interpretation, (ii) to extrapolate the formulaic disclaimer patterns that tend to recur in Persian, and (iii) to explain the range of functions fulfilled by these expressions. Contrary to the long-held view that disclaimers are prospective explanations used prior to potentially problematic actions, the 20-h corpus of daily conversations under investigation revealed, for the first time, some cases of retrospective disclaimers which were explicable in terms of our recognition criteria: (a) the presence of a potentially problematic action, (b) the identity retypification which needed to be disavowed, and (c) the very act of saying or doing something. Besides, the analysis of both retrospective and prospective disclaimers revealed certain pragmatic functions. In this respect, it was found that in Persian the three most frequent functions fulfilled by both prospective and retrospective disclaimers are 'explicating negative interpretation', 'showing tentativeness' and 'showing modesty', respectively.

AB - The principal motivation for this study is to examine Persian disclaimers, which, notwithstanding their significant communicative role, have not received the attention they deserve. More precisely, the present study is an attempt (i) to see how the Persian language enables the speaker to disclaim an unwanted interpretation, (ii) to extrapolate the formulaic disclaimer patterns that tend to recur in Persian, and (iii) to explain the range of functions fulfilled by these expressions. Contrary to the long-held view that disclaimers are prospective explanations used prior to potentially problematic actions, the 20-h corpus of daily conversations under investigation revealed, for the first time, some cases of retrospective disclaimers which were explicable in terms of our recognition criteria: (a) the presence of a potentially problematic action, (b) the identity retypification which needed to be disavowed, and (c) the very act of saying or doing something. Besides, the analysis of both retrospective and prospective disclaimers revealed certain pragmatic functions. In this respect, it was found that in Persian the three most frequent functions fulfilled by both prospective and retrospective disclaimers are 'explicating negative interpretation', 'showing tentativeness' and 'showing modesty', respectively.

KW - Disclaimer

KW - Persian

KW - Potentially problematic action

KW - Retrospective use

KW - Retypification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84894313433&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378216613002294?via%3Dihub

U2 - 10.1016/j.pragma.2013.09.011

DO - 10.1016/j.pragma.2013.09.011

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84894313433

VL - 62

SP - 77

EP - 93

JO - Journal of Pragmatics

JF - Journal of Pragmatics

SN - 0378-2166

ER -