Cortical dynamics and synchronization related to multiple target consolidation under rapid-serial-visual-presentation conditions

Klaus Kessler, Joachim Gross, Frank Schmitz, Alfons Schnitzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present report reviews behavioural, electroencephalographic, and especially magnetoencephalographic findings on the cortical mechanisms underlying attentional processes that separate targets from distractors and that ensure durable target representations for goal-directed action. A common way of investigation is to observe the system’s overt and covert behaviour when capacity limitations are reached. Here we focus on the aspect of temporally enhanced processing load, namely on performance deficits occurring under rapid-serial-visual-presentation (RSVP) conditions. The most prominent of these deficits is the so-called “attentional blink” (AB) effect. We first report MEG findings with respect to the time course of activation that shows modulations around 300 ms after target onset which reflect demands and success of target consolidation. Then, findings regarding long-range inter-area phase synchronization are reported that are hypothesized to mediate communication within the attentional network. Changes in synchronization reflect changes in the attentional demands of the task and are directly related to behavioural performance. Furthermore, enhanced vigilance of the system elicits systematically increased synchronization indices. A hypothetical framework is sketched out that aims at explaining limitations in multiple target consolidation under RSVP conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physiology - Paris
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

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Cortical Synchronization
Attentional Blink
Communication

Keywords

  • anttentional blink
  • P300
  • RSVP
  • selective visual attention
  • oscillatory activity
  • working memory

Cite this

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title = "Cortical dynamics and synchronization related to multiple target consolidation under rapid-serial-visual-presentation conditions",
abstract = "The present report reviews behavioural, electroencephalographic, and especially magnetoencephalographic findings on the cortical mechanisms underlying attentional processes that separate targets from distractors and that ensure durable target representations for goal-directed action. A common way of investigation is to observe the system’s overt and covert behaviour when capacity limitations are reached. Here we focus on the aspect of temporally enhanced processing load, namely on performance deficits occurring under rapid-serial-visual-presentation (RSVP) conditions. The most prominent of these deficits is the so-called “attentional blink” (AB) effect. We first report MEG findings with respect to the time course of activation that shows modulations around 300 ms after target onset which reflect demands and success of target consolidation. Then, findings regarding long-range inter-area phase synchronization are reported that are hypothesized to mediate communication within the attentional network. Changes in synchronization reflect changes in the attentional demands of the task and are directly related to behavioural performance. Furthermore, enhanced vigilance of the system elicits systematically increased synchronization indices. A hypothetical framework is sketched out that aims at explaining limitations in multiple target consolidation under RSVP conditions.",
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Cortical dynamics and synchronization related to multiple target consolidation under rapid-serial-visual-presentation conditions. / Kessler, Klaus; Gross, Joachim; Schmitz, Frank; Schnitzler, Alfons.

In: Journal of Physiology - Paris, Vol. 99, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 21-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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