Cross-Cultural Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Ute Stephan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


How can culture help explain persistent cross-country differences in innovation and entrepreneurship? This overview of cross-cultural innovation/entrepreneurship research draws on the most prominent cultural frameworks (by Hofstede, Schwartz, GLOBE, and Gelfand and colleagues). After outlining similarities and differences between these frameworks, I discuss theoretical perspectives of how culture shapes innovation/entrepreneurship (culture fit, culture misfit, cultural social support, and culture as a boundary condition) and give an overview of empirical research on culture and innovation/entrepreneurship. I conclude by outlining opportunities and best practices for future research and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-308
Number of pages32
JournalAnnual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2022


  • comparative research
  • cultural practices
  • culture
  • entrepreneurship
  • innovation
  • norms
  • values


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