Crystal orientation effects in scratch testing with a spherical indenter

Gregory Swadener, Heidi Bögershausen, Benedikt Sander, Dierk Raabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spherical scratch tests were conducted in individual grains of a randomly oriented polycrystalline body-centered-cubic (bcc) Ti-Nb alloy. For each grain, scratch tests were conducted at four different levels of normal load, which resulted in varying amounts of plastic strain during indentation. The results show a dependence of the horizontal load component on the crystallographic orientation and on the amount of plastic strain. The component of the horizontal force that resulted from plastic deformation was found to correlate with the active slip systems for the particular grain orientation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-926
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Bibliographical note

Swadener, G, Bögershausen, H, Sander, B & Raabe, D 2010, 'Crystal orientation effects in scratch testing with a spherical indenter', Journal of Materials Research, vol 25, no. 5, pp. 921-926.
© Materials Research Society.


  • dislocations
  • nanoindentation
  • tribology


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