Cultural orientations and preference for HRM policies and practices: the case of Oman

Zeynep Aycan, Abdul B. Al-Hamadi, Ann Davis, Pawan Budhwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study empirically examines the influence of cultural orientations on employee preferences of human resource management (HRM) policies and practices in Oman. Data were collected from 712 employees working in six large Omani organizations. The findings indicate that there is a number of differences among Omani employees regarding value orientations due especially to age, education and work experience. The findings show a strong orientation towards mastery, harmony, thinking and doing, and a weak orientation towards hierarchy, collectivism, subjugation and human nature-as-evil. The results demonstrate a clear link between value orientations and preferences for particular HRM policies and practices. Group-oriented HRM practices are preferred by those who scored high on collectivism and being orientations, and those who scored low on thinking and doing orientations. Hierarchy-oriented HRM practices are preferred by those scoring high on hierarchy, subjugation and human nature-as-bad orientations, and those scoring low on thinking and mastery orientations. Finally, preference for loose and informal HRM practices was positively associated with being, and negatively associated with thinking, doing and harmony orientations. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed in detail.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-32
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Bibliographical note

This is an electronic version of an article published in Aycan, Zeynep; Al-Hamadi, Abdul B.; Davis, Ann J. and Budhwar, Pawan S. (2007). Cultural orientations and preference for HRM policies and practices: the case of Oman. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18 (1), pp. 11-32. International Journal of Human Resource Management is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585190601068243

Keywords

  • cultural orientations
  • HRM practices
  • oman
  • within-culture variance

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