Cybersecurity Roadmap for Active Buildings

Ricardo M. Czekster*, Charles Morisset, Aad van Moorsel, John Mace, Walter Bassage, John Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference outputChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


    The technology integrated in modern smart infrastructures makes them vulnerable to malicious cyber attacks and misuse of information systems. Active Buildings (AB) are no exception. AB implement the vision of ‘buildings as power stations’, aiming for operational efficiency in generation, storage, release, and conservation of energy collaboratively among neighbouring smart buildings. However, adversaries may exploit cyber-physical vulnerabilities on the smart infrastructure to cause service interruptions or financial losses. For this reason, it is imperative to effectively respond and devise countermeasures to deter attacks. This work presents a roadmap to guide AB’s cybersecurity efforts, adapting existing mechanisms in enterprise information systems, Cyber-Physical Systems, Internet-of-Things, and Industrial Control Systems. We aim to help power and building managers to understand trade-offs to assess risk, model threats, deploy intrusion detection, or simulate the infrastructure. Our contribution also discusses open research questions with respect to cybersecurity, highlighting needed developments for hardening AB and thwarting attacks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationActive Building Energy Systems
    Subtitle of host publicationOperation and Control
    EditorsVahid Vahidinasab, Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo
    PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
    Number of pages31
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-79742-3
    ISBN (Print)978-3-030-79741-6
    Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2022

    Publication series

    NameGreen Energy and Technology
    PublisherSpringer Cham
    ISSN (Print)1865-3529
    ISSN (Electronic)1865-3537


    • Active buildings
    • Cyber attacks
    • Cyber-physical systems
    • Cybersecurity
    • Distributed energy resources
    • Electrical power grids
    • High-level security requirements
    • Information systems
    • Internet-of-Things
    • Intrusion detection
    • Modelling and simulation
    • Risk assessment
    • Security
    • Security metrics
    • Smart buildings
    • Smart grid
    • Telecommunication networks
    • Threat modelling
    • Virtual power plant
    • Vulnerability


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