Density Functional Theory Study on the Mechanism of Biochar Gasification in CO2 Environment

Hong Tian, Zhengwen He, Jiawei Wang, Hao Jiao, Zhangmao Hu, Yang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This work presents a comprehensive analysis on the CO2 gasification of miscanthus derived biochar by using combined experimental and computational methods. The empirical formula and the 2D molecular model of the biochar were proposed based on the results from elemental analysis, Fourier infrared spectroscopy, and solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy. The density functional theory (DFT) method was used to study the conversion of biochar to gaseous products under the CO2 condition at the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level. The reactants, intermediates, transition states, and products during the CO2 gasification process were analyzed, and the activation energy (ΔE) of each reaction step and thermodynamic parameters (Gibbs free energy, ΔG, and enthalpy, ΔH) were obtained. By comparison of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of different reaction paths, it was found that the proposed path 1 and path 5 could occur spontaneously with the changes in Gibbs free energy (ΔG) being -182.6 and -170.6 kJ/mol, respectively. The order of the reaction path was path 1 < path 5 < path 3 < path 4 < path 2, in terms of the degree of difficulty. It was also found that, for the benzene ring having a ring-opening reaction, when the substituents were located in the 2 and 3 carbon atoms or the 2, 3, and 5 carbon atoms, the C-C bond between the 1 and 6 carbon atoms was more prone to homolytic reaction than that between the 1 and 2 carbon atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19972–19981
Number of pages10
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume59
Issue number45
Early online date29 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.0c04105

Keywords

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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