Design and Assessment of an Electric Vehicle Powertrain Model Based on Real-World Driving and Charging Cycles

Guanhao Du, Wenping Cao, Shubo Hu, Zhengyu Lin, Tiejiang Yuan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In this paper, an advanced analytical model for an electric vehicle (EV) powertrain has been developed to illustrate the vehicular dynamics by combining electrical and mechanical models in the analysis. This study is based on a Nissan Leaf EV. In the electrical system, the powertrain has various components including a battery pack, a battery management system, a dc/dc converter, a dc/ac inverter, a permanent magnet synchronous motor, and a control system. In the mechanical system, it consists of power transmissions, axial shaft, and vehicle wheels. Furthermore, the driving performance of the Nissan Leaf is studied through the real-world driving tests and simulation tests in MATLAB/Simulink. In the analytical model, the vehicular dynamics is evaluated against changes in the vehicle velocity and acceleration, state of charge of the battery, and the motor power. Finally, a number of EVs involved in the power dispatch is studied. The greenhouse gas emissions of the EV are analyzed according to various energy power and driving features, and compared with the conventional internal combustion engine vehicle. In this case, Nissan Leaf is a pure EV. For a given drive cycle, Nissan Leaf can reduce CO2 emissions by 70%, depending on the way electricity is generated and duty cycles.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1178-1187
    Number of pages10
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
    Issue number2
    Early online date19 Dec 2018
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

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