The value of design is increasingly recognised, but design is often overlooked in favour of R&D in the measurement of innovation. Design is difficult to define, which makes it difficult to measure in financial terms. R&D was previously considered difficult to measure, but, as it is now well defined, financial measures of R&D have been established. Several previous studies demonstrated the commercial value of design, but failed to propose a reliable approach to capture design spending at the level of the firm. This paper presents a framework for classifying design activities and capturing design spending in firms. A number of exploratory case studies were conducted, four of which are described, to explore how companies understood design and how it could be measured. A conceptual model, by which the extent of design activity in firms may be better understood, is proposed. This model will be used as the basis of questions in a survey of design spending in UK firms.
|Title of host publication||ICE 2008|
|Subtitle of host publication||proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Concurrent Enterprising : a New Wave of Innovation in Collaborative Networks|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
|Event||IEEE International Technology Management Conference, ICE 2008 - Lisbon, Portugal|
Duration: 23 Jun 2008 → 28 Jun 2008
|Name||2008 IEEE International Technology Management Conference, ICE 2008|
|Conference||IEEE International Technology Management Conference, ICE 2008|
|Period||23/06/08 → 28/06/08|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work reported in this paper forms one part of the continuing effort to produce a National Design Scoreboard. This project is supported through the AHRC and EPSRC under the Design for the 21st Century Initiative. We are also grateful to project supporters at the Design Council and other National bodies, who have provided assistance to the project team
© 2008 Nottingham University.
- Performance measurement