Our objective was to assess determinants of quality of life (QoL) in anti-myelin associated glycoprotein antibody (MAG) neuropathy. The SF-36 questionnaire was assessed in 55 patients, from Marseille, Angers (France) and Birmingham (UK). Routine clinical evaluations included Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score, inflammatory neuropathy cause and treatment (INCAT) sensory score, inflammatory Rasch-built overall disability score (I-RODS), ataxia score, Jamar grip dynamometry, timed 10-m walk, neuropathic pain symptom inventory (NPSI) score, and fatigue severity score (FSS). Physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the SF36 questionnaire were significantly lower than in reported normal subjects of both countries (p < 0.001). All SF-36 domains correlated with I-RODS, except MCS for which significance was, however, approached (p = 0.056). PCS correlated with MRC sum score, ataxia score, timed 10-m walk, tremor, Jamar grip dynamometry, NPSI pain score, FSS and level of social support. MCS correlated exclusively with FSS and level of social support. In multivariate regression, PCS was associated independently with I-RODS (p < 0.001) and NPSI pain score (p = 0.011), whereas MCS was associated independently with FSS (p = 0.022). QoL is accurately predicted in anti-MAG neuropathy by the I-RODS and FSS, lending support to their use in clinical and research settings. Effective measures to improve QoL should include tremor and neuropathic pain treatment, fatigue management, and improved social support.
- anti-MAG neuropathy
- fatigue severity score
- health-related quality of life
- inflammatory Rasch-built overall disability score
- SF36 questionnaire