Development of a questionnaire to assess the relative subjective benefits of presbyopia correction

Phillip Buckhurst, James S Wolffsohn, Navneet Gupta, Shehzad A. Naroo, Leon N. Davies, Sunil Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose
To develop a standardized questionnaire of near visual function and satisfaction to complement visual function evaluations of presbyopic corrections.
Setting
Eye Clinic, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Midland Eye Institute and Solihull Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Design
Questionnaire development.
Methods
A preliminary 26-item questionnaire of previously used near visual function items was completed by patients with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), multifocal IOLs, accommodating IOLs, multifocal contact lenses, or varifocal spectacles. Rasch analysis was used for item reduction, after which internal and test–retest reliabilities were determined. Construct validity was determined by correlating the resulting Near Activity Visual Questionnaire (NAVQ) scores with near visual acuity and critical print size (CPS), which was measured using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test chart. Discrimination ability was assessed through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.
Results
One hundred fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Item reduction resulted in a 10-item NAVQ with excellent separation (2.92), internal consistency (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.72). Correlations of questionnaire scores with near visual acuity (r = 0.32) and CPS (r = 0.27) provided evidence of validity, and discrimination ability was excellent (area under ROC curve = 0.91).
Conclusion
Results show the NAVQ is a reliable, valid instrument that can be incorporated into the evaluation of presbyopic corrections.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume38
Issue number1
Early online date10 Nov 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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Presbyopia
Intraocular Lenses
Aptitude
ROC Curve
Visual Acuity
Vision Tests
Low Vision
School Health Services
Biological Science Disciplines
Contact Lenses
Surveys and Questionnaires
Reading

Keywords

  • adult
  • aged
  • elderly
  • female
  • humans
  • intraocular lens implantation
  • intraocular lenses
  • male
  • middle aged
  • patient satisfaction
  • presbyopia
  • questionnaires
  • ROC curve
  • reproducibility of results
  • visual acuity

Cite this

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title = "Development of a questionnaire to assess the relative subjective benefits of presbyopia correction",
abstract = "PurposeTo develop a standardized questionnaire of near visual function and satisfaction to complement visual function evaluations of presbyopic corrections.SettingEye Clinic, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Midland Eye Institute and Solihull Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.DesignQuestionnaire development.MethodsA preliminary 26-item questionnaire of previously used near visual function items was completed by patients with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), multifocal IOLs, accommodating IOLs, multifocal contact lenses, or varifocal spectacles. Rasch analysis was used for item reduction, after which internal and test–retest reliabilities were determined. Construct validity was determined by correlating the resulting Near Activity Visual Questionnaire (NAVQ) scores with near visual acuity and critical print size (CPS), which was measured using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test chart. Discrimination ability was assessed through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.ResultsOne hundred fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Item reduction resulted in a 10-item NAVQ with excellent separation (2.92), internal consistency (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.72). Correlations of questionnaire scores with near visual acuity (r = 0.32) and CPS (r = 0.27) provided evidence of validity, and discrimination ability was excellent (area under ROC curve = 0.91).ConclusionResults show the NAVQ is a reliable, valid instrument that can be incorporated into the evaluation of presbyopic corrections.",
keywords = "adult, aged, elderly, female, humans, intraocular lens implantation, intraocular lenses, male, middle aged, patient satisfaction, presbyopia, questionnaires, ROC curve, reproducibility of results, visual acuity",
author = "Phillip Buckhurst and Wolffsohn, {James S} and Navneet Gupta and Naroo, {Shehzad A.} and Davies, {Leon N.} and Sunil Shah",
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year = "2012",
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AU - Wolffsohn, James S

AU - Gupta, Navneet

AU - Naroo, Shehzad A.

AU - Davies, Leon N.

AU - Shah, Sunil

N1 - Copyright © 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - PurposeTo develop a standardized questionnaire of near visual function and satisfaction to complement visual function evaluations of presbyopic corrections.SettingEye Clinic, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Midland Eye Institute and Solihull Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.DesignQuestionnaire development.MethodsA preliminary 26-item questionnaire of previously used near visual function items was completed by patients with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), multifocal IOLs, accommodating IOLs, multifocal contact lenses, or varifocal spectacles. Rasch analysis was used for item reduction, after which internal and test–retest reliabilities were determined. Construct validity was determined by correlating the resulting Near Activity Visual Questionnaire (NAVQ) scores with near visual acuity and critical print size (CPS), which was measured using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test chart. Discrimination ability was assessed through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.ResultsOne hundred fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Item reduction resulted in a 10-item NAVQ with excellent separation (2.92), internal consistency (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.72). Correlations of questionnaire scores with near visual acuity (r = 0.32) and CPS (r = 0.27) provided evidence of validity, and discrimination ability was excellent (area under ROC curve = 0.91).ConclusionResults show the NAVQ is a reliable, valid instrument that can be incorporated into the evaluation of presbyopic corrections.

AB - PurposeTo develop a standardized questionnaire of near visual function and satisfaction to complement visual function evaluations of presbyopic corrections.SettingEye Clinic, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Midland Eye Institute and Solihull Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.DesignQuestionnaire development.MethodsA preliminary 26-item questionnaire of previously used near visual function items was completed by patients with monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), multifocal IOLs, accommodating IOLs, multifocal contact lenses, or varifocal spectacles. Rasch analysis was used for item reduction, after which internal and test–retest reliabilities were determined. Construct validity was determined by correlating the resulting Near Activity Visual Questionnaire (NAVQ) scores with near visual acuity and critical print size (CPS), which was measured using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test chart. Discrimination ability was assessed through receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.ResultsOne hundred fifty patients completed the questionnaire. Item reduction resulted in a 10-item NAVQ with excellent separation (2.92), internal consistency (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.72). Correlations of questionnaire scores with near visual acuity (r = 0.32) and CPS (r = 0.27) provided evidence of validity, and discrimination ability was excellent (area under ROC curve = 0.91).ConclusionResults show the NAVQ is a reliable, valid instrument that can be incorporated into the evaluation of presbyopic corrections.

KW - adult

KW - aged

KW - elderly

KW - female

KW - humans

KW - intraocular lens implantation

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KW - male

KW - middle aged

KW - patient satisfaction

KW - presbyopia

KW - questionnaires

KW - ROC curve

KW - reproducibility of results

KW - visual acuity

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JO - Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

JF - Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

SN - 0886-3350

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