Development of an integrated and continuous slow pyrolysis and activation process for the production of activated carbon from waste biomass

F. Rego*, J. Wang, Y. Yang, A. V. Bridgwater

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The possibility of integrating a slow pyrolysis process with activation of the char produced is investigated using an auger reactor. Production of activated carbon is usually done in a two-step process, by first carbonizing a carbon source (coal, coconut shell, other biomasses, etc.) and then subjecting the solid product, char, to an activation process. With this work, by simultaneously producing and activating the char, the cost of production of activated carbon could be decreased, and further positive points are the fact that the process is continuous and that the feedstock would be a biomass-based waste, wheat straw pellets. Activation will be carried out in two separate ways: chemical activation using KOH, and physical activation with a steam atmosphere. The properties of the solid products produced will be compared with the properties from the chars activated with the conventional two-step process, as well as from non-activated char. The properties to focus on are the product’s surface area, pore size distribution and presence of chemical functionalities, which are key factors for the application of activated carbon in adsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1079
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2019
Event27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 27 May 201930 May 2019

Fingerprint

pyrolysis
activated carbon
Activated carbon
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Chemical activation
biomass
coconuts
wheat straw
feedstocks
coal
production costs
steam
straw
pellets
surface area
adsorption
wheat
shell
Straw

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Agricultural residues
  • Biomass
  • Char
  • Pyrolysis

Cite this

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title = "Development of an integrated and continuous slow pyrolysis and activation process for the production of activated carbon from waste biomass",
abstract = "The possibility of integrating a slow pyrolysis process with activation of the char produced is investigated using an auger reactor. Production of activated carbon is usually done in a two-step process, by first carbonizing a carbon source (coal, coconut shell, other biomasses, etc.) and then subjecting the solid product, char, to an activation process. With this work, by simultaneously producing and activating the char, the cost of production of activated carbon could be decreased, and further positive points are the fact that the process is continuous and that the feedstock would be a biomass-based waste, wheat straw pellets. Activation will be carried out in two separate ways: chemical activation using KOH, and physical activation with a steam atmosphere. The properties of the solid products produced will be compared with the properties from the chars activated with the conventional two-step process, as well as from non-activated char. The properties to focus on are the product’s surface area, pore size distribution and presence of chemical functionalities, which are key factors for the application of activated carbon in adsorption.",
keywords = "Activated carbon, Agricultural residues, Biomass, Char, Pyrolysis",
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Development of an integrated and continuous slow pyrolysis and activation process for the production of activated carbon from waste biomass. / Rego, F.; Wang, J.; Yang, Y.; Bridgwater, A. V.

In: European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, 30.05.2019, p. 1076-1079.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of an integrated and continuous slow pyrolysis and activation process for the production of activated carbon from waste biomass

AU - Rego, F.

AU - Wang, J.

AU - Yang, Y.

AU - Bridgwater, A. V.

PY - 2019/5/30

Y1 - 2019/5/30

N2 - The possibility of integrating a slow pyrolysis process with activation of the char produced is investigated using an auger reactor. Production of activated carbon is usually done in a two-step process, by first carbonizing a carbon source (coal, coconut shell, other biomasses, etc.) and then subjecting the solid product, char, to an activation process. With this work, by simultaneously producing and activating the char, the cost of production of activated carbon could be decreased, and further positive points are the fact that the process is continuous and that the feedstock would be a biomass-based waste, wheat straw pellets. Activation will be carried out in two separate ways: chemical activation using KOH, and physical activation with a steam atmosphere. The properties of the solid products produced will be compared with the properties from the chars activated with the conventional two-step process, as well as from non-activated char. The properties to focus on are the product’s surface area, pore size distribution and presence of chemical functionalities, which are key factors for the application of activated carbon in adsorption.

AB - The possibility of integrating a slow pyrolysis process with activation of the char produced is investigated using an auger reactor. Production of activated carbon is usually done in a two-step process, by first carbonizing a carbon source (coal, coconut shell, other biomasses, etc.) and then subjecting the solid product, char, to an activation process. With this work, by simultaneously producing and activating the char, the cost of production of activated carbon could be decreased, and further positive points are the fact that the process is continuous and that the feedstock would be a biomass-based waste, wheat straw pellets. Activation will be carried out in two separate ways: chemical activation using KOH, and physical activation with a steam atmosphere. The properties of the solid products produced will be compared with the properties from the chars activated with the conventional two-step process, as well as from non-activated char. The properties to focus on are the product’s surface area, pore size distribution and presence of chemical functionalities, which are key factors for the application of activated carbon in adsorption.

KW - Activated carbon

KW - Agricultural residues

KW - Biomass

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KW - Pyrolysis

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