Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture

Hongman Sun, Christopher M.A. Parlett*, Mark A. Isaacs, Xiaotong Liu, George Adwek, Jianqiao Wang, Boxiong Shen, Jun Huang, Chunfei Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The incorporation of CaO into an inert porous solid support has been identified as an effective approach to improve the stability of adsorbents for CO2 capture. In this work, we focus on enhancing the capacity of carbon capture and cyclic stability of CaO by impregnating CaO particles into a three-dimensional mesoporous silica (KIT-6) support. At a low CaO loading, the three-dimensional mesoporous support was filled with CaO nano-particles. The further increase of CaO loading resulted in the aggregation of CaO particles on the external surface of the support material, as identified by electron microscopy analysis. These CaO/KIT-6 adsorbents show excellent high-temperature CO2 carbonation/calcination stability over multiple cycles of CaO carbonation and calcination. The enhancement of the performance of carbon capture is attributed to the interaction between CaO and the silica skeleton of KIT-6 through the formation of interfacial CaSiO3 and Ca2SiO4 which enhanced the resistance of CaO sintering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1070-1076
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume235
Early online date30 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Adsorbents
Carbon capture
Carbonation
Silicon Dioxide
Calcination
Silica
Temperature
Electron microscopy
Sintering
Agglomeration
calcium silicate

Bibliographical note

© 2018, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Adsorbent
  • CaO
  • CO capture
  • KIT-6
  • Mesoporous silica

Cite this

Sun, H., Parlett, C. M. A., Isaacs, M. A., Liu, X., Adwek, G., Wang, J., ... Wu, C. (2019). Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture. Fuel, 235, 1070-1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.07.044
Sun, Hongman ; Parlett, Christopher M.A. ; Isaacs, Mark A. ; Liu, Xiaotong ; Adwek, George ; Wang, Jianqiao ; Shen, Boxiong ; Huang, Jun ; Wu, Chunfei. / Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture. In: Fuel. 2019 ; Vol. 235. pp. 1070-1076.
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Sun, H, Parlett, CMA, Isaacs, MA, Liu, X, Adwek, G, Wang, J, Shen, B, Huang, J & Wu, C 2019, 'Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture', Fuel, vol. 235, pp. 1070-1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.07.044

Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture. / Sun, Hongman; Parlett, Christopher M.A.; Isaacs, Mark A.; Liu, Xiaotong; Adwek, George; Wang, Jianqiao; Shen, Boxiong; Huang, Jun; Wu, Chunfei.

In: Fuel, Vol. 235, 01.01.2019, p. 1070-1076.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture

AU - Sun, Hongman

AU - Parlett, Christopher M.A.

AU - Isaacs, Mark A.

AU - Liu, Xiaotong

AU - Adwek, George

AU - Wang, Jianqiao

AU - Shen, Boxiong

AU - Huang, Jun

AU - Wu, Chunfei

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PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The incorporation of CaO into an inert porous solid support has been identified as an effective approach to improve the stability of adsorbents for CO2 capture. In this work, we focus on enhancing the capacity of carbon capture and cyclic stability of CaO by impregnating CaO particles into a three-dimensional mesoporous silica (KIT-6) support. At a low CaO loading, the three-dimensional mesoporous support was filled with CaO nano-particles. The further increase of CaO loading resulted in the aggregation of CaO particles on the external surface of the support material, as identified by electron microscopy analysis. These CaO/KIT-6 adsorbents show excellent high-temperature CO2 carbonation/calcination stability over multiple cycles of CaO carbonation and calcination. The enhancement of the performance of carbon capture is attributed to the interaction between CaO and the silica skeleton of KIT-6 through the formation of interfacial CaSiO3 and Ca2SiO4 which enhanced the resistance of CaO sintering.

AB - The incorporation of CaO into an inert porous solid support has been identified as an effective approach to improve the stability of adsorbents for CO2 capture. In this work, we focus on enhancing the capacity of carbon capture and cyclic stability of CaO by impregnating CaO particles into a three-dimensional mesoporous silica (KIT-6) support. At a low CaO loading, the three-dimensional mesoporous support was filled with CaO nano-particles. The further increase of CaO loading resulted in the aggregation of CaO particles on the external surface of the support material, as identified by electron microscopy analysis. These CaO/KIT-6 adsorbents show excellent high-temperature CO2 carbonation/calcination stability over multiple cycles of CaO carbonation and calcination. The enhancement of the performance of carbon capture is attributed to the interaction between CaO and the silica skeleton of KIT-6 through the formation of interfacial CaSiO3 and Ca2SiO4 which enhanced the resistance of CaO sintering.

KW - Adsorbent

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Sun H, Parlett CMA, Isaacs MA, Liu X, Adwek G, Wang J et al. Development of Ca/KIT-6 adsorbents for high temperature CO2 capture. Fuel. 2019 Jan 1;235:1070-1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.07.044