Differential control of two forms of glutamate release by group III metabotropic glutamate receptors at rat entorhinal synapses

G.L. Woodhall*, G. Ayman, R.S.G. Jones

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neurotransmitter release at CNS synapses occurs via both action potential-dependent and independent mechanisms, and it has generally been accepted that these two forms of release are regulated in parallel. We examined the effects of activation of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) on stimulus-evoked and spontaneous glutamate release onto entorhinal cortical neurones in rats, and found a differential regulation of action potential-dependent and independent forms of release. Activation of presynaptic mGluRs depressed the amplitude of stimulus-evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents, but concurrently enhanced the frequency of spontaneous excitatory currents. Moreover, these differential effects on glutamate release were mediated by pharmacologically separable mechanisms. Application of the specific activator of adenylyl cyclase, forskolin, mimicked the effect of mGluR activation on spontaneous, but not evoked release, and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase with 9-tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (SQ22536) blocked mGluR-mediated enhancement of spontaneous release, but not depression of evoked release. Occlusion studies with calcium channel blockers suggested that the group III mGluRs might depress evoked release through inhibition of both N and P/Q, but not R-type calcium channels. We suggest that the concurrent depression of action potential-evoked, and enhancement of action potential-independent glutamate release operate through discrete second messenger/effector systems at excitatory entorhinal terminals in rat brain. © 2007 IBRO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-21
Number of pages15
JournalNeuroscience
Volume148
Issue number1
Early online date16 Jul 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2007

Bibliographical note

© IBRO. Published by Elsevier lt. Open access under CC BY licence.

Keywords

  • entorhinal cortex
  • glutamate release
  • presynaptic metabotropic receptors

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Differential control of two forms of glutamate release by group III metabotropic glutamate receptors at rat entorhinal synapses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this