Differential effectiveness of two anxiety induction procedures in youth and older adult populations

Ignacio Montorio, Roberto Nuevo*, Isabel Cabrera, María Márquez, María Izal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, we tested in older and younger adults the efficacy of two well-known procedures to experimentally induce anxiety: a) Velten self-statements combined with music; b) film scenes. We extended the pre-vious findings in this field to the understudied area of mood induction in older adults. Fifty-seven older adults and 94 college students were random-ly assigned to one of the experimental conditions or to a control group. Results indicated that both procedures were effective, according to a series of ANOVAs for several self-report, physiological, and behavioral measures. Likewise, the highest effect sizes were observed for the Velten procedure (g = .81 vs. g = .71), and the effects were significantly higher in younger (g = 1.0 in the Velten condition) than in older adults (g = .62), Q = 4.25, X2(1), p = .0392. Both procedures were effective to induce inducting anxiety in both age groups, especially the Velten procedure in younger adults. Therefore, Velten self-statements combined with music may be very useful anxiety induction procedure for further research in controlled situa-tions of emotions across the life-span.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalAnales de Psicología
Issue number1
Early online date4 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

© Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de Murcia, 2015
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain (legal text).


  • aging
  • cognition
  • emotion
  • experiment
  • mood induction


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