Digital Last Planner System Whiteboard for Enabling Remote Collaborative Design Process Planning and Control

Ergo Pikas*, Barbara Pedo, Algan Tezel, Lauri Koskela, Markus Veersoo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The coronavirus outbreak forced design companies to consider how the flow of information and work processes could be managed in the context of remote design work. This research aims to put a digital Last Planner System (LPS) whiteboard to the test in support of remote collaborative design process planning and control and identify its benefits and challenges. The synergies between lean and digital practices were explored by developing solutions in two different case studies, one in the UK and the other in Estonia. Research results were interpreted, and the main lessons learned were articulated. The digital LPS whiteboard enabled and supported the remote planning and control of design projects and processes. The digital LPS whiteboard had the following process-related benefits, including, for example, increased transparency, understanding, engagement, flexibility, and
continuous improvement. Challenges in the use of the digital whiteboard were generally due to an excess of information and meetings, the social limitations of virtual meetings, and a lack of relevant IT competencies. Recommendations for individuals interested in planning, developing, and testing a digital whiteboard for remote implementation of the LPS are made. Further research on the entangled
nature of digital whiteboard functionality and LPS behaviors is needed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12030
Number of pages27
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (

Funding Information:
E.P. was funded by the Estonian Research Council, grant number MOBTP1026. B.P., L.K., and A.T. are involved in a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) project that received financial support from UKRI through Innovate UK, grant number KTP012108.


  • digital whiteboard
  • last planner system
  • remote design
  • design process
  • planning and control


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