Direct measurement of carbon nanotube temperature between fiber ferrules as a universal tool for saturable absorber stability investigation

Diana Galiakhmetova, Yuriy Gladush*, Aram Mkrtchyan, Fedor S. Fedorov, Eldar Khabushev, Dmitry Krasnikov, Raghavan Chinnambedu-Murugesan, Egor Manuylovich, Vladislav Dvoyrin, Alex Rozhin, Mark Rümmeli, Sergey Alyatkin, Pavlos Lagoudakis, Albert G. Nasibulin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are widely explored for the ultrashort pulse generation in the fiber lasers enabled by pronounced saturable absorption (SA) effect. Despite many remarkable results demonstrated in the area, degradation of the samples inside the laser cavity limits the widespread use of SWCNT-SA. In the present work, we investigate the degradation mechanism by measuring the temperature of the carbon nanotubes in an operating laser cavity in accordance with the Raman G-band position. We identify the process behind the sample degradation by comparing the burning temperature of the sample with results of thermogravimetric analysis. We apply this approach for the SWCNTs in polyvinyl alcohol polymer matrix and polymer-free SWCNT thin film and demonstrate that these samples undergo different degradation mechanism. Proposed technique provides a useful instrument for optimization of SWCNT-SA for desired ultrafast laser generation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-948
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume184
Early online date16 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Funding: A.A.M. and A.G.N. thanks RFBR research project № 20-32-90233 for support in experimental part of the work. D.V.K. thanks Russian Science Foundation grant No. 20-73-10256 for support in synthesis of aerosol SWCNT films. V.D. thanks the Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 17-72-30006) for the support in characterization of pulse laser generation.

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Saturable absorption
  • Thermal stability
  • Ultra-fast lasers

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