Direct observation of morphological development during the spin-coating of polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer blends

Daniel T.W. Toolan, Ehtsham Ul Haq, Alan Dunbar, Stephen Ebbens, Nigel Clarke, Paul D. Topham, Jonathan R. Howse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present results of the direct observation, in real-space, of the phase separation of high molecular weight polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) from ortho-xylene using our newly developed technique of high speed stroboscopic interference microscopy. Taking a fixed concentration (3 wt % in o-xylene) at a fixed composition (1:4 by weight) and by varying the rotational rate during the spin-coating process, we are able to observe the formation of a range of phase separated bicontinuous morphologies of differing length-scales. Importantly, we are able to show that the mechanism by which the final phase separated structure is formed is through domain coarsening when rich in solvent, before vitrification occurs and fixes the phase separated structure. The ability to directly observe morphological development offers a route toward controlling the length-scale of the final morphology through process control and in situ feedback, from a single stock solution.

LanguageEnglish
Pages875-881
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Polymer Science: Part B - Polymer Physics
Volume51
Issue number11
Early online date27 Mar 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

polymer blends
Polystyrenes
Spin coating
xylene
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymer blends
Xylene
Phase structure
Polymethyl methacrylates
polymethyl methacrylate
coating
polystyrene
vitrification
Vitrification
Coarsening
Phase separation
fixing
Process control
molecular weight
Microscopic examination

Keywords

  • morphology
  • phase separation
  • polymer blends
  • spin coating

Cite this

Toolan, Daniel T.W. ; Haq, Ehtsham Ul ; Dunbar, Alan ; Ebbens, Stephen ; Clarke, Nigel ; Topham, Paul D. ; Howse, Jonathan R. / Direct observation of morphological development during the spin-coating of polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer blends. In: Journal of Polymer Science: Part B - Polymer Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 51, No. 11. pp. 875-881.
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Direct observation of morphological development during the spin-coating of polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer blends. / Toolan, Daniel T.W.; Haq, Ehtsham Ul; Dunbar, Alan; Ebbens, Stephen; Clarke, Nigel; Topham, Paul D.; Howse, Jonathan R.

In: Journal of Polymer Science: Part B - Polymer Physics, Vol. 51, No. 11, 06.2013, p. 875-881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Clarke, Nigel

AU - Topham, Paul D.

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