Most of the gemcitabine (dFdC) resistant cell lines manifested high NF?B activity. The NF?B activity can be induced by dFdC and 5-FU exposure. The chemosensitizing effect of disulfiram (DS), an anti-alcoholism drug and NF?B inhibitor, and copper (Cu) on the chemoresistant cell lines was examined. The DS/Cu complex significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of dFdC (resistant cells: 12.2–1085-fold) and completely reversed the dFdC resistance in the resitant cell lines. The dFdC-induced NF?B activity was markedly inhibited by DS/Cu complex. The data from this study indicated that DS may be used in clinic to improve the therapeutic effect of dFdC in breast and colon cancer patients.
|Number of pages||10|
|Early online date||25 Sep 2009|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2010|
- breast cancer
- colorectal cancer
- gemcitabine resistance