Does derivatives use reduce the cost of equity?

Shamim Ahmed, Amrit Judge, Syed Mahmud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of hedging on the cost of equity capital. Using hand-collected data on derivatives use for a sample of German non-financial firms, we find that user firms have a 109 basis point lower industry- adjusted cost of equity than non-users. This reduction in the cost of equity of users is attributable to their lower market, size, and value risk factor exposures. The observed negative relation between derivatives use and the cost of equity remains robust to specifications that account for potential endogeneity arising from a firm's de- rivatives hedging and capital structure decisions. We find that the reduction in the cost of equity is largest for smaller firms and for firms making use of foreign currency and interest rate derivatives. Moreover,
new deri- vatives users experience a significant reduction in the cost of equity in the first year of adoption. Finally, using expected default frequency data, we show direct evidence that firms' derivatives use reduces financial distress
risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Review of Financial Analysis
Volume60
Early online date13 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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Cost of equity
Derivatives
Hedging
User experience
Distress
Industry
Cost of equity capital
Foreign currency
Market value
Capital structure
Risk factors
Interest rate derivatives
Market size
Endogeneity

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper examines the impact of hedging on the cost of equity capital. Using hand-collected data on derivatives use for a sample of German non-financial firms, we find that user firms have a 109 basis point lower industry- adjusted cost of equity than non-users. This reduction in the cost of equity of users is attributable to their lower market, size, and value risk factor exposures. The observed negative relation between derivatives use and the cost of equity remains robust to specifications that account for potential endogeneity arising from a firm's de- rivatives hedging and capital structure decisions. We find that the reduction in the cost of equity is largest for smaller firms and for firms making use of foreign currency and interest rate derivatives. Moreover, new deri- vatives users experience a significant reduction in the cost of equity in the first year of adoption. Finally, using expected default frequency data, we show direct evidence that firms' derivatives use reduces financial distress risk.",
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Does derivatives use reduce the cost of equity? / Ahmed, Shamim; Judge, Amrit; Mahmud, Syed.

In: International Review of Financial Analysis, Vol. 60, 01.11.2018, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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