This paper examines the impact of ownership structures of emerging-market firms, which are shaped by local institutions, on the decision of these firms to undertake outward FDI. Our results suggest that family firms and firms with concentrated ownerships (both ubiquitous in emerging markets) are less likely to invest overseas, and that strategic equity holding by foreign investors facilitates outward FDI. We conclude that organisational forms such as family firms, which are optimal outcomes of institutions prevailing in emerging markets, may be suboptimal in a changing business environment in which outward FDI is necessary for access to resources and markets.
Bibliographical noteThis is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of International Business Studies. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Bhaumik, Sumon K.; Driffield, Nigel L. and Pal, Sarmistha (2010) Does ownership structure of emerging-market firms affect their outward FDI? The case of the Indian automotive and pharmaceutical sectors. Journal of International Business Studies, 41 (3). pp. 437-450. ISSN 0047-2506 is available online at: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jibs/journal/v41/n3/abs/jibs200952a.html
- ownership/control structures
- family firms
- foreign investors
- outward FDI
- emerging-market MNEs
Bhaumik, S. K., Driffield, N. L., & Pal, S. (2010). Does ownership structure of emerging-market firms affect their outward FDI? The case of the Indian automotive and pharmaceutical sectors. Journal of International Business Studies, 41(3), 437-450. https://doi.org/10.1057/jibs.2009.52