In order to analyze tire footprints in different conditions and calculate dynamic responses of asphalt pavement with vehicle braking, a tire-pavement coupling simulation system, which can use a viscoelastic constitutive model of asphalt concrete considering temperature dependence, is established. The user subroutine of the material model was programmed by the FORTRAN language, and viscoelastic parameters of the material model were recognized based on dynamic strain data of dynamic impact tests, whose validity was verified by using test data in the literature. The tire-pavement coupling simulation system was established to analyze tire footprints in static and dynamic conditions at different temperatures of asphalt concrete layer, whose calculation accuracy of the numerical simulation was verified. Based on measured temperature data at different depths of an actual pavement structure and the corresponding simulation model, thermal parameters of each layer in the pavement structure were recognized. Field distributions of the viscoelastic parameters in the asphalt concrete layer of the coupling simulation system were obtained by using the heat transfer analysis and the user subroutine. Average braking decelerations of trucks at a chosen intersection were calculated according to the investigation data. Based on the tire-pavement coupling simulation system, peak values of dynamic shear strain in the asphalt concrete layer at the intersection were calculated, which considered the coupling effect between axle loads and temperature fields.
- Asphalt concrete