Economic efficiency of smallholder maize producers in Western Kenya: a DEA meta-frontier analysis

Richard Mulwa, Ali Emrouznejad, Lutta Muhammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Maize is the main staple food for most Kenyan households, and it predominates where smallholder, as well as large-scale, farming takes place. In the sugarcane growing areas of Western Kenya, there is pressure on farmers on whether to grow food crops, or grow sugarcane, which is the main cash crop. Further, with small and diminishing land sizes, the question of productivity and efficiency, both for cash and food crops is of great importance. This paper, therefore, uses a two-step estimation technique (DEA meta-frontier and Tobit Regression) to highlight the inefficiencies in maize cultivation, and their causes in Western Kenya.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-267
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Operational Research
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • economic efficiency
  • food crops
  • cash crops
  • smallholders
  • Kenya
  • Tobit analysis
  • meta-frontier
  • data envelopment analysis
  • DEA
  • maize production

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