Effect of target distance on accommodative amplitude measured using the minus lens technique

Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam*, James S. Wolffsohn, Abbas Azimi, Elnaz Babaei-Malekkolaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The aim was to investigate the effect on the measured amplitude of accommodation and repeatability of using the minus lens technique with the target at distance or near. Methods: Forty-three students (average age: 21.17 ± 1.50 years, 35 female) had their amplitude of accommodation measured with minus lenses on top of their distance correction in a trial frame with the target at far (6.0m) or near (0.4m). The minus lens power was gradually added with steps of 0.25D. Measurements were taken on two occasions at each distance, which were separated by a time interval of at least 24 hours. Results: The measured amplitude at six metres was significantly lower than that with the target at 40cm, by 1.56 ± 1.17D (p < 0.001) and this varied between individuals (r = 0.716, intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.439). With either target distance, repeated measurement was highly correlated (r > 0.9) but the agreement was better at 6.0m (±0.74D) than at 40cm (± 0.92D). Conclusion: The measurements of the amplitude of accommodation with the minus lens technique using targets at far or near are not comparable and the difference between the target distances may provide clinically relevant information. © 2013 Optometrists Association Australia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-65
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number1
Early online date28 Jul 2013
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2014


  • accommodation amplitude
  • agreement
  • minus lens method
  • repeatability


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