Effects of Nd-doping on the structural, electrical, and multiferroic properties of Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 thin films

Chinnambedu Murugesan Raghavan, Jin Won Kim, Ji Ya Choi, Sang Su Kim

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Aurivillius-phase six-layered Bi7Fe3Ti3O21 (BFTO21) and Nd-doped Bi6.4Nd0.6Fe3Ti3O21 (BNdFTO21) thin films were prepared on Pt(111)/Ti/SiO2/Si(100) substrates by using a chemical solution deposition method in order to investigate their structural, electrical, and multiferroic properties. Doping the Bi sites of the BFTO21 with Nd-ions led to remarkable improvements in the electrical and the multiferroic properties. The electrical study of the BNdFTO21 thin film showed a low leakage current density of 4.38 × 10-6 A/cm at an applied electric field of 100 kV/cm, which was about one order of magnitude lower than that of the BFTO21 thin film. The ferroelectric P - E hysteresis loop of the BNdFTO21 thin film exhibited a large remnant polarization (2Pr) of 24 μC/cm2 and a low coercive electric field (2Ec) of 154 kV/cm at an applied electric field of 239 kV/cm. Furthermore, the magnetization and the coercive magnetic field that were observed for the BNdFTO21 thin film at room temperature were drastically enhanced compared to those observed for the BFTO21 thin film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-316
Number of pages6
JournalNew Physics: Sae Mulli
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


  • Chemical solution deposition
  • Electrical properties
  • Multiferroic properties
  • Nd-doped BiFeTiO


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