Electricity From North American Forest Residues

Mirjam Röder*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Electricity from biomass feedstocks is often considered as a sustainable Greenhouse gas reduction option compared to electricity generated from fossil fuels. Past research has shown that significant emission reduction from wood pellets is possible, but that these are also related to large uncertainties. This chapter describes supply chains emissions and related uncertainties of electricity generated from wood pellets from forest and sawmill residues through lifecycle assessment. The results indicate that GHG reductions of up to 83% can be reached compared to coal-based electricity. Nevertheless, considering parameters like feedstock drying, storage, and dry matter losses shows strong variations of the emission profile. To avoid potentially higher GHG emissions from large-scale bioelectricity compared to coal, good practice and storage management as well as the use of renewable energy for energy-intense supply chain processes, like drying, are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems
PublisherElsevier
Pages207-214
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780128094587
ISBN (Print)9780081010365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2017

Fingerprint

Electricity
Feedstocks
Supply chains
Wood
Drying
Bioelectric phenomena
Coal
Storage management
Sawmills
Fossil fuels
Greenhouse gases
Biomass
Uncertainty

Keywords

  • Forest residues
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Storage emissions
  • Uncertainties
  • Wood pellets

Cite this

Röder, M. (2017). Electricity From North American Forest Residues. In Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems (pp. 207-214). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-101036-5.00014-8
Röder, Mirjam. / Electricity From North American Forest Residues. Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems. Elsevier, 2017. pp. 207-214
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Röder, M 2017, Electricity From North American Forest Residues. in Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems. Elsevier, pp. 207-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-101036-5.00014-8

Electricity From North American Forest Residues. / Röder, Mirjam.

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems. Elsevier, 2017. p. 207-214.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Electricity from biomass feedstocks is often considered as a sustainable Greenhouse gas reduction option compared to electricity generated from fossil fuels. Past research has shown that significant emission reduction from wood pellets is possible, but that these are also related to large uncertainties. This chapter describes supply chains emissions and related uncertainties of electricity generated from wood pellets from forest and sawmill residues through lifecycle assessment. The results indicate that GHG reductions of up to 83% can be reached compared to coal-based electricity. Nevertheless, considering parameters like feedstock drying, storage, and dry matter losses shows strong variations of the emission profile. To avoid potentially higher GHG emissions from large-scale bioelectricity compared to coal, good practice and storage management as well as the use of renewable energy for energy-intense supply chain processes, like drying, are necessary.

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Röder M. Electricity From North American Forest Residues. In Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems. Elsevier. 2017. p. 207-214 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-101036-5.00014-8