As an effective effort in improving the performance of electrolyte/anode dual-layer hollow fibres (HFs) for micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), high quality dual-layer HFs with controllable electrolyte layer thickness have been developed in this study by adjusting fabrication parameters of a single-step co-extrusion and co-sintering process. Uniform and defect-free outer electrolyte layer from 70 to 10 μm can be achieved when the extrusion rate is reduced from 5 to 0.5 ml min−1. Although the bending strength and the gas-tightness properties are reduced slightly with the decrease in electrolyte layer thickness, significant improvement in power output of the cell is achieved. Power density as high as 1.11 W cm−2 is obtained on the cell with the electrolyte layer of 10 μm in thickness, which is 114% higher than the one with an electrolyte layer of 65 μm.
Othman, M. H. D., Droushiotis, N., Wu, Z., Kanawka, K., Kelsall, G., & Li, K. (2010). Electrolyte thickness control and its effect on electrolyte/anode dual-layer hollow fibres for micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Membrane Science, 365(1-2), 382-388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.09.036