Warburg effect has been recognized as a hallmark of cancer cells for many years, but its modulation mechanism remains a great focus. Our current study found a member of solute carrier family 25 (SLC25A29), the main arginine transporter on mitochondria, significantly elevated in various cancer cells. Knockout of SLC25A29 by CRISPR/Cas9 inhibited proliferation and migration of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. SLC25A29-knockout cells also showed an altered metabolic status with enhanced mitochondrial respiration and reduced glycolysis. All of above impacts could be reversed after rescuing SLC25A29 expression in SLC25A29-knockout cells. Arginine is transported into mitochondria partly for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Deletion of SLC25A29 resulted in severe decrease of NO production, indicating that the mitochondria is a significant source of NO. SLC25A29-knockout cells dramatically altered the variation of metabolic processes, whereas addition of arginine failed to reverse the effect, highlighting the necessity of transporting arginine into mitochondria by SLC25A29. In conclusion, aberrant elevated SLC25A29 in cancer functioned to transport more arginine into mitochondria, improved mitochondria-derived NO levels, thus modulated metabolic status to facilitate increased cancer progression.
- Cancer metabolism
- Energy metabolism