Employment relations in India

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the employment relations (ERs) scenario in Indian organisations. The investigation is based on a questionnaire survey of 137 Indian firms in the manufacturing sector. The analysis of existing literature highlights the role of three key actors (management, unions, and the state) in the management of ERs in Indian organisations. It also shows the significant impact of the competitive pressures created by the liberalisation of the Indian economy in the changing nature of ERs in Indian firms. The study has key implications both for academicians and for practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-148
Number of pages17
JournalEmployee Relations
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • developing countries
  • employee relations
  • human resource management
  • India
  • internal labour market


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