Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Private grant(s) and/or Sponsorship. Main funding source(s): Medtronic Background Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) conventionally involves trans-coronary sinus, epicardial left ventricular (LV) pacing. Some studies have suggested that endocardial LV pacing may be superior to epicardial LV pacing. Objectives To compare the acute haemodynamic effects of CRT when delivered from endocardial (Endo-CRT) and epicardial LV stimulation sites (Epi-CRT). Methods and results Sixteen CRT recipients (aged 70.4 ± 10.1 years [mean ± SD], 62.5% male, QRS: 156.5 ± 16.1 ms, LBBB in 13 [81.3%]) in sinus rhythm underwent intra-procedural measurements of the rate of rise of LV pressure (dP/dtmax) during Endo- and Epi-CRT (RADI pressure wire). Epi-CRT was delivered in basal, mid and apical positions. The Endo-CRT pacing site was chosen using iterative, biplane fluoroscopic views, to target the same position as the Epi-CRT site on the endocardium (see Figure A). Compared to AAI pacing (10 beats per minute above intrinsic rate), both Endo-CRT and Epi-CRT led to an increase in LV dP/dtmax (6.52 ± 8.90% and 6.15 ± 7.97% respectively, both p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the change in LV dP/dtmax (ΔLV dP/dtmax) between Endo-CRT and Epi-CRT at basal (p = 0.54), mid (p = 0.78) or apical LV stimulation sites (p = 0.12) [Figure B]. Conclusions Endo-CRT is not haemodynamically superior to Epi-CRT. Abstract Figure.
- Device Therapy
- Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT)