Environmentally stable high-power soliton fiber lasers that use chirped fiber Bragg gratings

M.E. Fermann, K. Sugden, I. Bennion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Environmentally stable high-power erbium fiber soliton lasers are constructed by Kerr or carrier-type mode locking. We obtain high-energy pulses by using relatively short fiber lengths and providing large amounts of negative dispersion with chirped fiber Bragg gratings. The pulse energies and widths generated with both types of soliton laser are found to scale with the square root of the cavity dispersion. Kerr mode locking requires pulses with an approximately three times higher nonlinear phase shift in the cavity than carrier mode locking, which leads to the generation of slightly shorter pulses with as much as seven times higher pulse energies at the mode-locking threshold.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1627
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Volume20
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1995

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Bragg gratings
fiber lasers
solitary waves
locking
fibers
pulses
cavities
erbium
lasers
energy
phase shift
thresholds

Keywords

  • environmentally stable
  • high-power erbium fiber soliton lasers
  • high-energy pulses
  • short fiber lengths
  • negative dispersion
  • chirped fiber Bragg grating
  • cavity dispersion
  • nonlinear phase shift
  • cavity
  • carrier mode locking
  • mode-locking threshold

Cite this

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abstract = "Environmentally stable high-power erbium fiber soliton lasers are constructed by Kerr or carrier-type mode locking. We obtain high-energy pulses by using relatively short fiber lengths and providing large amounts of negative dispersion with chirped fiber Bragg gratings. The pulse energies and widths generated with both types of soliton laser are found to scale with the square root of the cavity dispersion. Kerr mode locking requires pulses with an approximately three times higher nonlinear phase shift in the cavity than carrier mode locking, which leads to the generation of slightly shorter pulses with as much as seven times higher pulse energies at the mode-locking threshold.",
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Environmentally stable high-power soliton fiber lasers that use chirped fiber Bragg gratings. / Fermann, M.E.; Sugden, K.; Bennion, I.

In: Optics Letters, Vol. 20, No. 15, 08.1995, p. 1625-1627.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Fermann, M.E.

AU - Sugden, K.

AU - Bennion, I.

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AB - Environmentally stable high-power erbium fiber soliton lasers are constructed by Kerr or carrier-type mode locking. We obtain high-energy pulses by using relatively short fiber lengths and providing large amounts of negative dispersion with chirped fiber Bragg gratings. The pulse energies and widths generated with both types of soliton laser are found to scale with the square root of the cavity dispersion. Kerr mode locking requires pulses with an approximately three times higher nonlinear phase shift in the cavity than carrier mode locking, which leads to the generation of slightly shorter pulses with as much as seven times higher pulse energies at the mode-locking threshold.

KW - environmentally stable

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KW - high-energy pulses

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KW - chirped fiber Bragg grating

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KW - cavity

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KW - mode-locking threshold

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