We study the equilibrium states of energy functions involving a large set of real variables, defined on the links of sparsely connected networks, and interacting at the network nodes, using the cavity and replica methods. When applied to the representative problem of network resource allocation, an efficient distributed algorithm is devised, with simulations showing full agreement with theory. Scaling properties with the network connectivity and the resource availability are found. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
Bibliographical noteCopyright of the American Physical Society
- equilibrium states
- energy functions
- network nodes
- replica methods