Europa i świat zachodni: szkodliwe dla gospodarki niedostrzegane lub lekceważone zjawiska

Translated title of the contribution: Europe and the western world: economically harmful phenomena which are overlooked or dismissed

Bartłomiej Kamiński, Tomasz Mickiewicz, Kazimierz Tarchalski, Jan Winiecki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper presents an abbreviated version of the second part of the report on problems of Europe, prepared by a team of teachers at the University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow, Poland. We stress therein that the hotly debated problems of the Eurozone and the global financial crisis and its aftermath are, at best, medium-term ones, while real issues Europe faces are of the long-term nature and result from policies pursued for decades. Their consequences are also long-term – and increasingly harmful.
Our diagnosis is as follows. Long-term problems related to the increasing burden of the welfare state and its side effects, like the slowing economic growth rate, are not subject to serious policy debates. It applies to both traditional elites from parties belonging to the moderate political spectrum, and to anti-elites on both extremes. Both elites and anti-elites reject the reality as a starting point to developing corrective policy measures.
Our economic analysis has revealed that incentives to create wealth in old Western countries have been weakening for a long time. Yet, without deep cuts in public (especially welfare) expenditures and accompanying institutional reforms, economic performance of European (and generally Western) economies is going to worsen over time. The chances of continued stagnation in the next 5–10 years are very high.
Finally, we look at the socio-psychological behavioral framework of the ever-expanding welfare state. We point at the phenomenon of the learned helplessness which appears as a result of the people’s lacking perception of linkages between their actions and economic results of these actions. We interpret it as a consequence of the welfare state. It further weakens the prospects for successful reforms and the resultant avoidance of the long-term stagnation.
Translated title of the contributionEurope and the western world: economically harmful phenomena which are overlooked or dismissed
Original languagePolish
Pages (from-to)386-417
Number of pages32
JournalStudia Ekonomiczne
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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