Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, its variants and multifocal motor neuropathy belong to a spectrum of peripheral nerve disorders with complex dysimmune disease mechanisms. Awareness of the unique clinical phenotypes but also heterogeneity between patients is vital to arrive at early suspicion and ordering appropriate tests. This includes requirements for optimal electrodiagnostic protocol, aimed to capture sufficient electrophysiologic evidence for relevant abnormalities, a case-based approach on the eventual need to further expand the diagnostic armamentarium and correct reading of their results. Considerable phenotypical variation, diverse combinations of abnormalities found on diagnostic tests and heterogeneity in disease course and treatment response, all contribute to widespread differences in success rates on timely diagnosis and optimal treatment. We aim to provide a practical overview and guidance on relevant diagnostic and management strategies, including pitfalls and present a summary of the relevant novel developments in this field.
- inflammatory neuropathy