Exchange fairness and employee performance: An examination of the relationship between organizational politics and procedural justice

Samuel Aryee*, Zhen X. Chen, Pawan S. Budhwar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Data obtained from a manufacturing firm and a newspaper firm in India were used to examine the relationship between organizational politics and procedural justice in three separate studies. Study 1 constructively replicated research on the distinctiveness of the two constructs. Confirmatory factor analyses in which data from the manufacturing firm served as the development sample and data from the newspaper firm served as the validation sample demonstrated the distinctiveness of organizational politics and procedural justice. Study 2 examined the antecedents of the two constructs using data from the manufacturing firm. Structural equation modeling (SEM) results revealed formalization and participation in decision making to be positively related to procedural justice but negatively related to organizational politics. Further, authority hierarchy and spatial distance were positively related to organizational politics but unrelated to procedural justice. Study 3 examined the consequences of the two constructs in terms of task and contextual performance using data from the newspaper firm. Results of SEM analysis revealed procedural justice but not organizational politics to be related to task performance and the contextual performance dimensions of interpersonal facilitation and job dedication. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2004



  • India
  • organizational politics
  • procedural justice

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