Fabrication of ultrathin La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ hollow fibre membranes for oxygen permeation

Barbara Zydorczak, Zhentao Wu, K. Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An ultrathin La0.6 Sr0.4 Co0.2 Fe0.8 O3 - δ (LSCF) hollow fibre membrane for enhanced oxygen permeation flux was fabricated using a wet spinning/sintering method. The membrane exhibits a highly asymmetric structure comprising of a very thin dense outer layer supported by finger-like structures that are fully open on the inner surface. Oxygen permeation measurements were conducted using sweep gas as an operating mode. Effects of operating temperatures and flow rates of the sweep gas on the oxygen permeation fluxes were investigated in details. The highest oxygen permeation flux, i.e. 0.096 cm3/cm2 s (5.77 cm3/cm2 min) was obtained from the ultrathin hollow fibre membrane at 1323 K (1050 °C) and the sweep gas flow rate of 2.42 cm3/s. The results indicate that the oxygen permeation flux obtained is much higher (4.9-11.2 times) than that obtained from conventional LSCF hollow fibre membranes mainly due to the reduced thickness of the membrane as well as the porous surface on the permeate side. In addition, despite a very thin dense layer, the LSCF hollow fibre membrane possessed a reasonable mechanical strength (113.22 MPa).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4383-4388
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume64
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Hollow fibres
  • LSCF
  • Oxygen permeation
  • Ultrathin asymmetric membrane

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