Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces

inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters

Graham C.B. Lee, Kyriacos Kalli, Charalambos Koutsides, Michael Komodromos, Kate Sugden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present the results of femtosecond laser microstructuring of optical fibres by direct access of the fibre end face, both at the surface and several hundred microns into the fibre, to realise one-and two-dimensional grating structures and optical fibre splitters, respectively. We show the versatility of this simple but effective inscription method, where we demonstrate classic multiple slit diffraction patterns and show the potential for coarse wavelength division multiplexing for sensor signals. A key advantage for the fibre splitter is that the inscription method avoids the use of oil immersion that compensate for the fibre curvature in the standard side writing method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor
EditorsYanbiao Liao, Wei Jin, David D. Sampson, et al
Place of PublicationBellingham, WA (US)
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-9103-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2012
Event22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensors - Beijing, China
Duration: 14 Oct 201219 Oct 2012

Publication series

NameSPIE proceedings
PublisherSPIE
Volume8421
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

Conference22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensors
Abbreviated titleOFS 2012
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period14/10/1219/10/12

Fingerprint

Femtosecond Laser
Ultrashort pulses
Gratings
Optical Fiber
Optical fibers
optical fibers
Fiber
Face
gratings
fibers
Fibers
lasers
Multiplexing
Immersion
Wavelength division multiplexing
Diffraction patterns
Diffraction
wavelength division multiplexing
Division
versatility

Bibliographical note

Graham C. B. Lee ; Kyriacos Kalli ; Charalambos Koutsides ; Michael Komodromos and Kate Sugden, " Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces: inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters ", Proc. SPIE 8421, OFS2012 22nd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 842111 (October 4, 2012).

Copyright 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.968395

Keywords

  • diffraction grating
  • femtosecond laser inscription
  • fibre coupler
  • fibre end devices
  • fibre sensors
  • fibre splitter
  • Fourier optics

Cite this

Lee, G. C. B., Kalli, K., Koutsides, C., Komodromos, M., & Sugden, K. (2012). Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces: inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters. In Y. Liao, W. Jin, D. D. Sampson, & et al (Eds.), OFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor [842111] (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 8421). Bellingham, WA (US): SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.968395
Lee, Graham C.B. ; Kalli, Kyriacos ; Koutsides, Charalambos ; Komodromos, Michael ; Sugden, Kate. / Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces : inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters. OFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor. editor / Yanbiao Liao ; Wei Jin ; David D. Sampson ; et al. Bellingham, WA (US) : SPIE, 2012. (SPIE proceedings).
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Lee, GCB, Kalli, K, Koutsides, C, Komodromos, M & Sugden, K 2012, Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces: inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters. in Y Liao, W Jin, DD Sampson & et al (eds), OFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor., 842111, SPIE proceedings, vol. 8421, SPIE, Bellingham, WA (US), 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Beijing, China, 14/10/12. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.968395

Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces : inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters. / Lee, Graham C.B.; Kalli, Kyriacos; Koutsides, Charalambos; Komodromos, Michael; Sugden, Kate.

OFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor. ed. / Yanbiao Liao; Wei Jin; David D. Sampson; et al. Bellingham, WA (US) : SPIE, 2012. 842111 (SPIE proceedings; Vol. 8421).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - We present the results of femtosecond laser microstructuring of optical fibres by direct access of the fibre end face, both at the surface and several hundred microns into the fibre, to realise one-and two-dimensional grating structures and optical fibre splitters, respectively. We show the versatility of this simple but effective inscription method, where we demonstrate classic multiple slit diffraction patterns and show the potential for coarse wavelength division multiplexing for sensor signals. A key advantage for the fibre splitter is that the inscription method avoids the use of oil immersion that compensate for the fibre curvature in the standard side writing method.

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Lee GCB, Kalli K, Koutsides C, Komodromos M, Sugden K. Femtosecond laser microstructuring through optical fibre end faces: inscription of surface gratings and sub-surface splitters. In Liao Y, Jin W, Sampson DD, et al, editors, OFS2012 22nd international conference on Optical Fiber Sensor. Bellingham, WA (US): SPIE. 2012. 842111. (SPIE proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.968395