Ferroelectric-like behaviour of melanin: humidity effect on current-voltage characteristics

S.L. Bravina, P.M. Lutsyk, A.B. Verbitsky, N.V. Morozovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The influence of low vacuum on quasistatic current-voltage (I–V) dependences and the impact of wet air pulse on dynamic bipolar I-V-loops and unipolar I-V-curves of fungal melanin thin layers have been studied for the first time.
The threshold hysteresis voltages of I–V dependences are near to the standard electrode potentials of anodic water decomposition.
Short wet air pulse impact leads to sharp increase of the current and appearance of “hump”-like and “knee”-like features of I-V-loops and I-V-curves, respectively.
By treatment of I-V-loop allowing for I-V-curve shape the maxima of displacement current are revealed. The peculiarities of I-V-characteristics were modelled by series-parallel RC-circuit with Zener diodes as nonlinear elements.
As a reason of appearance of temporal polar media with reversible ferroelectric-like polarization and ionic space charge transfer is considered the water-assisted dissociation of some ionic groups of melanin monomers that significantly influences electrophysical parameters of melanin nanostructures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Early online date29 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • electronic materials
  • organic compounds
  • electrical properties
  • ionic conductivity
  • ferroelectricity


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