Fiber bragg gratings: advances in fabrication process and tools

Kate Sugden*, Vladimir Mezentsev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

Successful commercialization of a technology such as Fiber Bragg Gratings requires the ability to manufacture devices repeatably, quickly and at low cost. Although the first report of photorefractive gratings was in 1978 it was not until 1993, when phase mask fabrication was demonstrated, that this became feasible. More recently, draw tower fabrication on a production level and grating writing through the polymer jacket have been realized; both important developments since they preserve the intrinsic strength of the fiber. Potentially the most significant recent development has been femtosecond laser inscription of gratings. Although not yet a commercial technology, it provides the means of writing multiple gratings in the optical core providing directional sensing capability in a single fiber. Femtosecond processing can also be used to machine the fiber to produce micronscale slots and holes enhancing the interaction between the light in the core and the surrounding medium. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFiber Bragg grating sensors
Subtitle of host publicationrecent advancements, industrial applications and market exploitation
EditorsAndrea Cusano, Antonello Cutolo, Jacques Albert
PublisherBentham
Pages9-34
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-60805-084-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-60805-343-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • Fiber Bragg Gratings Sensors

Cite this

Sugden, K., & Mezentsev, V. (2011). Fiber bragg gratings: advances in fabrication process and tools. In A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, & J. Albert (Eds.), Fiber Bragg grating sensors: recent advancements, industrial applications and market exploitation (pp. 9-34). Bentham. https://doi.org/10.2174/978160805084011101010009