### Abstract

The problem of regression under Gaussian assumptions is treated generally. The relationship between Bayesian prediction, regularization and smoothing is elucidated. The ideal regression is the posterior mean and its computation scales as <span class='mathrm'>O(n<sup>3</sup>)</span>, where <span class='mathrm'>n</span> is the sample size. We show that the optimal <span class='mathrm'>m</span>-dimensional linear model under a given prior is spanned by the first <span class='mathrm'>m</span> eigenfunctions of a covariance operator, which is a trace-class operator. This is an infinite dimensional analogue of principal component analysis. The importance of Hilbert space methods to practical statistics is also discussed.

Original language | English |
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Place of Publication | Birmingham |

Publisher | Aston University |

Number of pages | 20 |

ISBN (Print) | NCRG/97/011 |

Publication status | Published - 3 Jul 1997 |

### Keywords

- regression
- Gaussian assumptions
- Bayesian prediction
- regularization
- smoothing
- posterior mean
- linear model
- infinite dimensional analogue
- principal component analysis
- Hilbert space methods
- practical statistics

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## Cite this

Zhu, H., Williams, C. K. I., Rohwer, R., & Morciniec, M. (1997).

*Gaussian regression and optimal finite dimensional linear models*. Aston University.