This article on the basic concepts of genetics concentrates on doeoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA), the chemical constituent of the genes. First, it will cover how DNA was discovered to be the substance of the genes. Second, the structure of DNA is revealed together with how DNA molecules can make copies of themselves. Third, the nature of the genetic code contained in DNA and how this code directs the manufacture of proteins is described. Finally, the effects of mutation of the genes and how the activities of genes are regulated will be discussed together with the relevance of these concepts to ocular disease.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Aug 2001|
- doeoxyribose nucleic acid
- mutation of the genes
- ocular disease