Graphitic carbon nitride/carbon brush composite as a novel anode for yeast-based microbial fuel cells

Enas Taha Sayed*, Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem, Hussain Alawadhi, Khaled Elsaid, Tabbi Wilberforce, A. G. Olabi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A biocompatible graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) was prepared on the surface of carbon brush fiber (CB) via a facile one-step preparation method. The prepared g-C3N4 formed a composite with the carbon brush's fibers (g-C3N4@CB), as shown from the XRD analysis. The g-C3N4@CB was used as an anode in a yeast-based microbial fuel cell (MFC), and demonstrated an outstanding performance compared to plain CB. An anode potential of −0.27 V “vs. Ag/AgCl” and an open-circuit voltage of 0.77 V was obtained in the case of the composite electrode, compared to −0.1 V vs. Ag/AgCl and 0.62 V, respectively, in the case of the CB. The cell using the composite electrode demonstrated a maximum power of 772 mWm−2, which is twelve times that obtained using the CB. The outstanding performance of the composite electrode can be credited to the biocompatibility of the composite anode and its roughness, which improved the yeast biofilm formation and decreased the ohmic resistance. This is the first report involving the application of g-C3N4 in a yeast-based MFC, and it demonstrated promising results which can be used for other types of MFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119849
Early online date14 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Biofilm
  • Composite electrode
  • Graphitic carbon nitride
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Yeast based MFC


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