Objective: Semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analog for the once-weekly treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In the global SUSTAIN clinical trial program, semaglutide demonstrated superior glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) and body weight reductions versus comparators. This post hoc analysis compared the proportion of patients achieving combined reductions in glycemia and body weight versus comparators. Methods: A total of 5,119 subjects with T2D in the phase 3 SUSTAIN 1 through 5 and 7 trials, from 33 countries, were included in this post hoc analysis. Subjects received subcutaneous semaglutide 0.5 or 1.0 mg, placebo or active comparator (sitagliptin 100 mg, exenatide extended release 2.0 mg, insulin glargine, dulaglutide 0.75 or 1.5 mg). The main endpoint was a composite of ≥1.0% HbA 1c reduction and ≥5.0% weight loss at end of treatment. Results: Significantly greater proportions of subjects achieved the composite endpoint with semaglutide 0.5 (25 to 38%) and 1.0 mg (38 to 59%) versus comparators (2 to 23%). More subjects treated with semaglutide versus comparators achieved ≥1.0% HbA 1c reductions (58 to 77% and 75 to 83% for semaglutide 0.5 and 1.0 mg versus 12 to 68%) and ≥5.0% weight loss (37 to 46%, 45 to 66% versus 4 to 30%). Proportions of subjects achieving targets were significantly higher with semaglutide 1.0 versus 0.5 mg in four of five trials. Semaglutide was well tolerated, with a safety profile similar to other GLP-1 receptor agonists. Conclusion: Significantly more subjects achieved both ≥1.0% HbA 1c reduction and ≥5.0% weight loss with once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide treatment versus comparators in the SUSTAIN trials. A dose-dependent effect was observed with semaglutide.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists|
|Early online date||13 Mar 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2019|