Self-standing diamond films were grown by DC Arcjet plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The feed gasses were Ar/H 2/CH 4, in which the flow ratio of CH 4 to H 2 (FCH4/FH2) was varied from 5% to 20%. Two distinct morphologies were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), i.e. the pineapple-like morphology and the cauliflower-like morphology. It was found that the morphologies of the as-grown films are strongly dependent on the flow ratio of CH 4 to H 2 in the feed gasses. High resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) survey results revealed that there were nanocrystalline grains within the pineapple-like films whilst there were ultrananocrystalline grains within cauliflower-like films. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results suggested that (110) crystalline plane was the dominant surface in the cauliflower-like films whilst (100) crystalline plane was the dominant surface in the pineapple-like films. Raman spectroscopy revealed that nanostructured carbon features could be observed in both types of films. Plasma diagnosis was carried out in order to understand the morphology dependent growth mechanism. It could be concluded that the film morphology was strongly influenced by the density of gas phases. The gradient of C2 radical was found to be different along the growth direction under the different growth conditions.
- crystal morphology
- chemical vapor deposition processes