HAPs communication in Saudi Arabia under dusty weather conditions

Kamal Harb, Abdi T. Abdalla, Muhidin Mohamed, Samir Abdul-Jauwad

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Technology is improving rapidly. One of the most revolutionary communication technologies that appears to be convincing and efficient is called High Altitude Platform (HAP). As any other wireless communication system, a main degrading factor of HAP Station (HAPS) propagation channel in desert and semi-desert areas is the dust storm attenuation. This attenuation increases with an increasing operational frequency and is prominent in the frequency bands above 10 GHz which is used for HAPS communications. This paper investigates the effect of dust attenuation on the reliability of the HAPs system. Also, based on a close scrutiny of the existing dust attenuation models, this paper proposes some modifications to an existing dust attenuation model to comply with the real dust phenomenon. In this paper, a platform altitude of 22 km with a minimum elevation angle of 20 were considered. The analysis showed that the dust attenuation degraded the signal to noise ratio by around 20 dB at Ka frequency band. As a result, an appropriate intelligent attenuation mitigation technique was then suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Event2013 IEEE 11th Malaysia International Conference on Communications, MICC 2013 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 26 Nov 201328 Nov 2013


Conference2013 IEEE 11th Malaysia International Conference on Communications, MICC 2013
CityKuala Lumpur


  • dust and sand storms
  • High Altitude Platform Stations (HAPS)
  • Permittivity indices
  • quality of service
  • satellite networks
  • signal to noise ratio

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