Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production

Jean-Philippe Dacquin, Adam F. Lee, Karen Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

The combination of dwindling oil reserves and growing concerns over carbon dioxide emissions and associated climate change is driving the urgent development of clean, sustainable energy supplies. Biodiesel is non-toxic and biodegradable, with the potential for closed CO2 cycles and thus vastly reduced carbon footprints compared with petroleum fuels. However, current manufacturing routes employing soluble catalysts are very energy inefficient and produce copious amounts of contaminated water waste. This review highlights the significant progress made in recent years towards developing solid acid and base catalysts for biodiesel synthesis. Issues to be addressed in the future are also discussed including the introduction of non-edible oil feedstocks, as well as technical advances in catalyst and reactor design to ensure that biodiesel remains a key player in the renewable energy sector for the 21st century.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals
EditorsMark Crocker, Laurie Peter, Ferdi Schuth
Place of PublicationCambridge (UK)
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Pages416-434
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-84973-226-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-84973-035-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2010

Publication series

NameRSC energy and environment series
Number1
ISSN (Print)2044-0774

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Catalysts
Carbon footprint
Climate change
Feedstocks
Carbon dioxide
Wastewater
Crude oil
Acids
Oils

Cite this

Dacquin, J-P., Lee, A. F., & Wilson, K. (2010). Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. In M. Crocker, L. Peter, & F. Schuth (Eds.), Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals (pp. 416-434). (RSC energy and environment series; No. 1). Cambridge (UK): Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00416
Dacquin, Jean-Philippe ; Lee, Adam F. ; Wilson, Karen. / Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals . editor / Mark Crocker ; Laurie Peter ; Ferdi Schuth. Cambridge (UK) : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010. pp. 416-434 (RSC energy and environment series; 1).
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Dacquin, J-P, Lee, AF & Wilson, K 2010, Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. in M Crocker, L Peter & F Schuth (eds), Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals . RSC energy and environment series, no. 1, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge (UK), pp. 416-434. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00416

Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. / Dacquin, Jean-Philippe; Lee, Adam F.; Wilson, Karen.

Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals . ed. / Mark Crocker; Laurie Peter; Ferdi Schuth. Cambridge (UK) : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010. p. 416-434 (RSC energy and environment series; No. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

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N2 - The combination of dwindling oil reserves and growing concerns over carbon dioxide emissions and associated climate change is driving the urgent development of clean, sustainable energy supplies. Biodiesel is non-toxic and biodegradable, with the potential for closed CO2 cycles and thus vastly reduced carbon footprints compared with petroleum fuels. However, current manufacturing routes employing soluble catalysts are very energy inefficient and produce copious amounts of contaminated water waste. This review highlights the significant progress made in recent years towards developing solid acid and base catalysts for biodiesel synthesis. Issues to be addressed in the future are also discussed including the introduction of non-edible oil feedstocks, as well as technical advances in catalyst and reactor design to ensure that biodiesel remains a key player in the renewable energy sector for the 21st century.

AB - The combination of dwindling oil reserves and growing concerns over carbon dioxide emissions and associated climate change is driving the urgent development of clean, sustainable energy supplies. Biodiesel is non-toxic and biodegradable, with the potential for closed CO2 cycles and thus vastly reduced carbon footprints compared with petroleum fuels. However, current manufacturing routes employing soluble catalysts are very energy inefficient and produce copious amounts of contaminated water waste. This review highlights the significant progress made in recent years towards developing solid acid and base catalysts for biodiesel synthesis. Issues to be addressed in the future are also discussed including the introduction of non-edible oil feedstocks, as well as technical advances in catalyst and reactor design to ensure that biodiesel remains a key player in the renewable energy sector for the 21st century.

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Dacquin J-P, Lee AF, Wilson K. Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. In Crocker M, Peter L, Schuth F, editors, Thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid fuels and chemicals . Cambridge (UK): Royal Society of Chemistry. 2010. p. 416-434. (RSC energy and environment series; 1). https://doi.org/10.1039/9781849732260-00416